Warts are small growths on the skin caused by human papilloma virus. Transmission of virus occurs by means of physical contact with a contaminated object. Cuts, injuries , maceration of skin facilitate entry of virus and development of the lesion.
There are several different types of wart and their appearance varies depending on their location.
Type of Warts
Lesions are tiny, brown coloured elevated cauliflower like structures seen on the hands and fingers. Measure about 1mm to 1 cm in size and are usually asymptomatic. Some lesions may pain on applying pressure.
Plantar warts develop on the pressure points on the soles of feet and often cause pain while walking.
Flat Wart (Verruca Plana)
Flat wart occur in many areas of the body including the face, neck, hands, wrists and knees. In contrast to the common wart, they are usually small and flat in shape.
Periungual warts are rough, irregular, and elevated. They appear at the edges of fingernails and toenails and may extend under the nails, causing pain and irregular nail growth.
Mosaic form of plantar warts appears on the soles of the feet in groups, especially under the toes. However, this may be discomforting or painful when left untreated for a long time.
The viruses that cause genital warts, are transmitted through sexual contact. This affects both males and females. The lesions are present on the genital organs and are usually asymptomatic. Few lesions may cause discomfort or bleed.
Management of warts
The condition is usually diagnosed by proper history and thorough physical examination. In doubtful cases skin biopsy might be required for histopathological examination.
There are numerous treatment modalities available for treating warts. Treatments are categorized into surgical and non surgical modalities.
- Non surgical modalities include ointments, creams and solutions containing acids, aldehydes, immunomodulators which needs to be applied over the lesions for several days.
- Intralesional bleomycin - This is injected into the wart. This acts by inhibiting viral DNA synthesis.
- Surgical modalities include Cryotherapy, electrosurgery, surgical excision and LASERS.
Moles are so common that, almost every adult has a few of them. Most moles appear on the skin during childhood and adolescence. Moles will grow as the child (or teen) grows. Some moles will darken, and others will lighten. These changes are expected and seldom a sign of melanoma. These moles can be removed surgically if it is of cosmetic concern.
The 4 Senses clinic has latest equipments like radiofrequency, LASERS which would help in removing the warts and moles with absolutely no scar. The doctors perform the procedure in minor OT under local anesthesia. Get rid of annoying warts and moles easily at 4 Senses by experienced Dermatosurgeon. For Doctor’s Appointment Contact Call:6366494494