Nail abnormalities are often neglected. Patients tend to visit Dermatologist for skin- related concerns, such as acne scars or eczema. Yet, nail diseases can be common and require diagnosis and management.
The nail is firmed rooted to the nail bed. It is made of modified keratin. It serves as a protective shield for our fingertips and toes. Finger nails take approximately 5 to 6 months to grow out, while toenails require twice the duration.
Most common nail disorders
Nail fungal infections
This occurs when fungi infect one or more of the nails. It usually begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your fingernail or toenail. As the infection spreads deeper into the nail, it may cause the nail to discolor, thicken and develop crumbling edges.
Warts located just next to the nail plates respond less well to treatment and has a higher tendency to recur. This is because part of the wart may be hidden underneath the nail plate and the wart is partially protected. The treatment approach is similar to common warts but it generally requires more treatment sessions than usual.
Paronychia or red inflamed nail folds
Paronychia is inflammation of the nail folds which become swollen, painful and red. In severe types, pus may ooze from the nail folds. Too frequent and prolonged immersion of the hands in water is the primary cause of paronychia. Once the damage to the skin has occurred, infection by fungus and bacteria may supervene. It is commonly seen in housewives, kitchen helpers, bakers and dishwashers.
In growth toenails
If the toenail is not cut properly, it penetrates into the nail-fold as it grows, causing redness, swelling and pain. Those of you who have had this problem would know that not only it is very painful, but physically incapacitating too. So, prevent ingrown toenails as much as possible.
Causes for Nail Diseases
- Diabetic patients are more likely to get nail infections.
- Using artificial nails are susceptible to nail infections.
- Frequent swimming in public swimming pools will increase chances of nail fungal infection.
- Due to nail injury or skin injured near the nails, chances of getting an infection exist.
- Weak immune systems can make an easy prey to nail infections.
- Frequent manicures and pedicures are common causes of nail infections as the cuticle is disrupted providing infection a route of entry into the nail apparatus.
Treatment at 4 Senses, Bangalore for Nail Diseases
Here at 4 Senses, The doctors diagnoses the condition after individual tests of the infection area. As per the case, typically the root cause is treated which involves treatment of infections with antibiotics and antifungal, rarely requiring procedural intervention. Further treatment of ingrown nails requires surgical intervention.For Doctor’s Appointment Contact Call: 6366494494